Trivia

Subject:
Answer, Independence DAy
Response To:
July 4, Independence Day ()

Gary Smyth
>Even though we celebrate the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, the war of independence was not legally, internationally recognized as complete until the Treaty of 1783 also called the Treaty of Paris (September 3).
The more important articles were:
1. The thirteen states were recognized as free, sovereign, and independent
2. National boundaries were described. The boundaries generally giving the U.S. land from the east coast to the Mississippi (except Florida and westward—including New Orleans)
3. Fishing rights were conceded
4. Involved "bona fide" debt recovery
5. Involved the recommendation of the restoration of loyalist rights and properties
Other provisions returned Prisoners of war, agreed to navigation rights on the Mississippi (which Spain disputed), and that the British should leave the ceded territories.

There were five Commissioners involved with the document but Thomas Jefferson and Henry Laurens did not travel to Europe. The “Americans” signing the treaty were John Jay, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams.

Britain was also at war with Spain and France. After the treaty, Spain received the “territory” of Florida and laid claim to all west of the Mississippi—including the river. France, by far, got the worst of it because France’s territory in North America was unchanged. It was more important to France that Britain simply vacate the land of the colonies. However, 1. Britain didn’t do as it said it would –which later led to the war of 1812 2. France’s support of the U.S. revolution contributed mightily to the situation that bankrupted France. 3. As a result of the American war in France the inability to levy taxes got so bad economically it in no small way led to their revolution (July 1789). 4. Spain took advantage of France's dilemma to lay claim to the land west of the Mississippi river.

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